Friday, September 10, 2010

Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire (Persian: mgul Shahan and Mughal, Urdu: Mughal Empire, its name: Gurkan),or Mongolian (the Mongols) use of the former British Empire, an Islamic power in India subcontinent, which began in 1526 that a large part of the government, attacked by the Indian Maharaja with late 17 and 18 to build coalitions, and ends in the middle of the 19th century, all South Asian governments.

The Mughal emperors were descendants of Timur, and at the height of his power in 1700, they controlled most of the Indian subcontinent - which comes from Bengal in the east to the west of Baluchistan, Kashmir, north of the Kaveri basin of the South.Its population was then estimated between 110 and 130 million in a territory of over 4,000,000 km2 (1.5 million square miles).

The "classic period" of the empire began in 1556 with the accession of Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great. It ends with the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, although the dynasty continues for 150 years. During this period the Empire was characterized by a strongly centralized administration connecting the different regions. All the most important monuments of mughal, his most visible legacy, date from this period was characterized by the expansion of Persian cultural influence in the Indian subcontinent, with brilliant literary, artistic and architectural results.

Following the 1725 Empire declined rapidly weakened by wars of succession, agrarian crises supply local revolts, the growth of religious intolerance, the rise of Marathi, Durrani, Sikh and empires, and British colonialism. The last king, Bahadur Shah Zafar II, the area was limited to the city of Delhi, was imprisoned and exiled by the British after the Indian uprising of 1857.

The name derives from the country of origin of Timur mughal steppes of Central Asia, once conquered by Genghis Khan, then Moghulistan known as "Land of the Mongols. Mughal still early to speak Mongolian Chagatai, Turkish, and practices are essentially maintained Persianized.They moved the Persian literature and culture,India, forming the basis of Indo-Persian culture.

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